Install Mastodon on Debain 10

Install Mastodon on Debian 10

1,安装 Mastondon 所需要的软件包 / 依赖项

install fail2ban

apt install -y fail2ban

install curl

apt install -y curl

install nodejs

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x | bash -
apt install -y nodejs

install yarn

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list
apt update && apt install yarn

install System packages

apt install -y \
imagemagick ffmpeg libpq-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev file git\
g++ libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler pkg-config gcc autoconf \
bison build-essential libssl-dev libyaml-dev libreadline-dev \
zlib1g-dev libncurses5-dev libffi-dev libgdbm6 libgdbm-dev \
redis-server redis-tools \
libidn11-dev libicu-dev libjemalloc-dev

Install Ruby

adduser --disabled-login mastodon
su - mastodon
git clone https://github.com/rbenv/rbenv.git ~/.rbenv
cd ~/.rbenv && src/configure && make -C src
echo 'export PATH="$HOME/.rbenv/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.bashrc
echo 'eval "$(rbenv init -)"' >> ~/.bashrc
exec bash
type rbenv
git clone https://github.com/rbenv/ruby-build.git ~/.rbenv/plugins/ruby-build

注意:请查看现在所依赖的版本 ruby-version , 如 2.6.1 请使用如下配置,如果时 2.6.5 请修改成2.6.5

RUBY_CONFIGURE_OPTS=--with-jemalloc rbenv install 2.6.1
rbenv global 2.6.1
gem update --system
gem install bundler --no-document
exit

Install PostgreSQL

Install PostgreSQL-11 https://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/Apt

curl https://www.postgresql.org/media/keys/ACCC4CF8.asc | sudo apt-key add -
vim /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list
deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ stretch-pgdg main
apt update && apt upgrade -y
apt install postgresql-11 pgadmin4

创建一个用户

sudo -u postgres psql
CREATE USER mastodon CREATEDB;
\q

2,正式开始安装 Mastodon

su - mastodon
git clone https://github.com/tootsuite/mastodon.git live && cd live
git checkout $(git tag -l | grep -v 'rc[0-9]*$' | sort -V | tail -n 1)
bundle install \
-j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
--deployment --without development test
yarn install --pure-lockfile
RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake mastodon:setup
exit

3,配置 NGINX

map $http_upgrade $connection_upgrade {
default upgrade;
'' close;
}
server {
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
server_name 你的域名;
root /home/mastodon/live/public;
# Useful for Let's Encrypt
location /.well-known/acme-challenge/ { allow all; }
location / { return 301 https://$host$request_uri; }
}
server {
listen [::]:443 ssl ipv6only=on; # managed by Certbot
listen 443 ssl; # managed by Certbot
ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/域名/fullchain.pem; # managed by Certbot
ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/域名/privkey.pem; # managed by Certbot
include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf; # managed by Certbot
ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem; # managed by Certbot
keepalive_timeout 70;
sendfile on;
client_max_body_size 80m;
root /home/mastodon/live/public;
gzip on;
gzip_disable "msie6";
gzip_vary on;
gzip_proxied any;
gzip_comp_level 6;
gzip_buffers 16 8k;
gzip_http_version 1.1;
gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000";
location / {
try_files $uri @proxy;
}
location ~ ^/(emoji|packs|system/accounts/avatars|system/media_attachments/files) {
add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=31536000, immutable";
try_files $uri @proxy;
}
location /sw.js {
add_header Cache-Control "public, max-age=0";
try_files $uri @proxy;
}
location @proxy {
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
proxy_set_header Proxy "";
proxy_pass_header Server;
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:3000;
proxy_buffering off;
proxy_redirect off;
proxy_http_version 1.1;
proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Connection $connection_upgrade;
tcp_nodelay on;
}
location /api/v1/streaming {
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
proxy_set_header Proxy "";
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:4000;
proxy_buffering off;
proxy_redirect off;
proxy_http_version 1.1;
proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Connection $connection_upgrade;
tcp_nodelay on;
}
error_page 500 501 502 503 504 /500.html;
}

### 4,配置 HTTPS 加密

请在该文档查询

5,设置 Systemctl Service 作为系统服务

cd /etc/systemd/system/
vim mastodon-web.service
[Unit]
Description=mastodon-web
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=simple
User=mastodon
WorkingDirectory=/home/mastodon/live
Environment="RAILS_ENV=production"
Environment="PORT=3000"
ExecStart=/home/mastodon/.rbenv/shims/bundle exec puma -C config/puma.rb
ExecReload=/bin/kill -SIGUSR1 $MAINPID
TimeoutSec=15
Restart=always
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
vim mastodon-sidekiq.service
[Unit]
Description=mastodon-sidekiq
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=simple
User=mastodon
WorkingDirectory=/home/mastodon/live
Environment="RAILS_ENV=production"
Environment="DB_POOL=5"
ExecStart=/home/mastodon/.rbenv/shims/bundle exec sidekiq -c 5 -q default -q push -q mailers -q pull
TimeoutSec=15
Restart=always
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
vim mastodon-streaming.service
[Unit]
Description=mastodon-streaming
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=simple
User=mastodon
WorkingDirectory=/home/mastodon/live
Environment="NODE_ENV=production"
Environment="PORT=4000"
ExecStart=/usr/bin/npm run start
TimeoutSec=15
Restart=always
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
systemctl start mastodon-web mastodon-sidekiq mastodon-streaming
systemctl enable mastodon-*

6,访问你配置的域名或 IP 应该已经显示安装成功